The dollar firmed on Friday and was on track for its best performance in seven years, buoyed by the Federal Reserve’s aggressive monetary policy tightening and concerns about the global growth outlook.
The U.S. dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of currencies, has surged more than 8% this year, the most since 2015. It was last firm at 103.99.
The Fed has raised rates by a total of 425 basis points since March to curb surging inflation, a move that has kept the dollar in bid for most of the year.
But expectations that the central bank may not have to raise rates as high as previously feared have caused the greenback to unwind its towering rally. The U.S. dollar index has fallen over 7% this quarter.
“I expect the king dollar to lose its crown and the dollar to make a more decisive turn by the middle of next year,” Bank of Singapore currency strategist Moh Siong Sim said.
Conversely, an ultra-dovish Bank of Japan in the face of a hawkish Fed, has spelled pain for the Japanese yen. It has fallen more than 13% year to date, its worst performance since 2013.